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Coconut water: everything you need to know – Italian Cuisine


THE'coconut water can be considered a real trend that has depopulated – and still depopulated – in the United States: the natural nectar obtained from the fruits of Cocos nucifera, palm widespread throughout the tropical coastal area, is also a panacea for health, so much to elevate it as a superfood.

A concentrate of naturalness, in tropical countries it is consumed directly from the younger coconuts

100% natural drink, in tropical countries it is consumed directly by the younger coconuts: just open the upper part until you reach the internal cavity, have a straw handy and enjoy it "at Km 0".
In Italy, in the absence of palm and walnut, the best coconut water can be found online or in organic supermarkets, and does not contain any type of colorings or preservatives.

Among its virtues, few sugars, fats and calories, but a lot of vitamin C and group B: here are all its benefits!

Among its virtues, a very low content of sugars, fats and calories is counterbalanced by a high presence of vitamin C and B vitamins, in addition to calcium, potassium, iron and magnesium; cholesterol is completely absent.

Coconut water is therefore a very valid alternative for cool is rehydrate or as a natural supplement, thanks to its numerous health benefits.

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It is a natural energetic, suitable for those suffering from tiredness, fatigue and lack of appetite

The intake of coconut water can improve the health conditions of convalescents who suffer from tiredness, fatigue and lack of appetite: in the amount of 40-50ml a day, helps to improve energy levels, stimulating the production of hormones by thyroid and metabolism.

It supports the immune system thanks to the antibacterial, antifungal and antimicrobial properties

Coconut water contains lauric acid, a substance with antibacterial, antifungal and antimicrobial properties. Drinking regularly helps both to strengthen the immune system and to protect oneself from the attacks of germs and bacteria.

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It is an excellent sports supplement, as it contains mineral salts such as magnesium, potassium and calcium

Consumed during a physical activity involving sweating, coconut water – containing mineral salts such as magnesium, potassium and calcium – proves perfect for reintegrating those lost during sport, as well as for preventing muscle cramps.

It is an ally for better digestion due to the presence of bioactive enzymes that assimilate foods

Our body uses numerous bioactive enzymes to assimilate foods: the same bioactive enzymes are also contained in coconut water, which then becomes a useful natural remedy for those who suffer from digestive problems and abdominal pain caused by poor digestion.

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Improve circulation and regularize heart rate thanks to its fiber and vitamin C content

It is now known to everyone that good circulation also depends on nutrition: in this sense, coconut water is a great help to improve blood circulation and to regulate heart rate thanks to its fiber and vitamin C content.

It helps to have a healthier skin, because keeps the body hydrated

Coconut water keeps the body hydrated and – at the same time – allows to regulate the excessive production of sebum, making the skin softer and brighter. It can be applied directly on the skin as if it were a natural tonic, proving to be extremely useful for treating acne and imperfections.

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Purifies the urinary tract by the its particular diuretic nature

Drinking coconut water can be useful for those who suffer from kidney problems, thanks to its particular diuretic nature. By being able to purify the bladder and toxins elimination channels, it is able to prevent urinary tract infections and to alleviate problems related to kidney stones.

Stimulates the metabolism, compared with a very low caloric intake and a minimum fat content

Coconut water, taken continuously, can positively affect the metabolism: in fact, it presents a very low caloric intake and a minimum fat content, equal to about 1%. Its remarkable diuretic effect therefore stimulates the metabolism, making it more active, and is also useful for counteracting abdominal swelling.

Marianna Tognini
August 2018

updated to January 2019

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Holidays 2018, here's what to water Christmas! – Italian Cuisine


Uncorking, uncorking, it's Christmas! Here is a selection of proposals to water our parties. Let's start with the bubbles, which on feast days can not be missing …

Bubbles

168591Altemasi Graal Reserve 2010 (with box 45), Lo vintage sparkling wine Classic method of Trentino, la mountain bubble from the 'highest farms', which ages 72 months to give its white foam and fine perlage. Perfect with roasted fish and white meat. By, Cavit, which also offers an excellent Müller Thurgau Brut Dolomites IGT also in super-toast format Magnum (1.5L – 11 € and 14 carton €) e Jeroboam (3L – 37 € carton).

And then: champagne! In 1818 Madame Clicquot he invented the first Champagne Rosé to assemble the story. In the year of its 200th anniversary, it is a must to celebrate with Veuve Clicquot Rosé (€ 60), also in the ingenious package Bucket Cake, ice bucket customizable with the stickers contained inside (€ 90).

168597The winning choice are the organic sparkling wine Ciù Ciù: Alta Marea Passerina Brut (€ 13), fresh as an aperitif; Pecorino Brut (17 €), with a creamy mousse and floral scent on a mineral base. And speaking of rosé, the sparkling wine Rymarosè Marche I.G.P. Sangiovese (€ 15). Today also in the magnum version (25 €), with a bright rosé color, to be enjoyed with cured meats and cheeses, traditional appetizers, risotto with seafood.

Gold Point Gold edition of Val d'Oca, the house specialized in the prosecco of Valdobbiadene, one vintage sparkling wine glam at a really interesting price (12V).

Rossi

Between 'Big Red' Italians, certainly fits Amarone della Valpolicella doc: Costa Arènte, with its wilted and refined ruby ​​grapes, goes superbly with tasty meats and cheeses (€ 45).

168708Lo Puro igp (€ 5), one of the rare wines without added sulphites, dry and elegant of Sangiovese and Montepulciano grapes of the company Costadoro, which from the early twentieth century vinified in the Piceno.

The Barbera d'Asti Superiore Galanera by Duchessa Lia is a soft and complex DOGC, aged 14 months in oak barriques (€ 8.90).

whites

168711A Christmas all organic with the wines of the Sicilian winery Feudo Luparello: the Grillo Viognier D.O.P (7 €), a wine with a strong personality, a strong and complex taste, fruity and floral notes

Bio (and vegan) is also the Offida Pecorino Danù Docg of Costadoro, 13, 5 ° (9 €), golden, intense, dry and soft, to be paired with important fish dishes, roasted white meats and medium-aged pecorino cheeses.

Sweets and spirits

168726The new White Walker by Johnnie Walker, Scotch Whiskey inspired by the most enigmatic and feared characters of the record TV series, game of Thrones. To serve icy, like the fearsome White Walkers, it has notes of caramel, vanilla and fresh red berries with a fruity touch; also contains the Single Malts of Cardhu and Clynelish, distilleries further north of Scotland (€ 29.95).

Sparkling sweet wine Riondo Cuvée Excelsa Rioro by Collis, made of yellow muscat and other sweet but not cloying grapes, with intense aromatic notes of peach and apricot, it is perfect with baked confectioners (brioche included). 7; 9.

Moscato Passito di Noto dop of the Feudo Luparello (€ 15), with an intense aroma and a sweet, superfine taste, an alcohol content of only 9.5 °.

Cook with water: how to boil, stew, drown – Italian Cuisine


Do not just throw the food in a pot with water: pasta and vegetables, meat and fish should be treated according to simple rules. but precise, which gastronomic science has developed. To keep the flavors and textures intact, damaging the nutritive principles to a minimum

Water is a precious ally in the kitchen and not only because it allows us to maintain the right consistency in food during the preparation, but above all because it offers us various cooking possibilities. Here is one mini guide to boil, stew and drown knowing the techniques.

Cooking with water: a bit of science

In lessatura the energy to cook is transferred from a heat source to the food through a convection liquid (for nothing or little fat). This yields heat quickly and continuously, while one takes place juice exchange between the liquid and the food. In boiling the proteins coagulate, the starches swell, the cellulose, the muscles and the cartilages are softened, the albumins coagulate, the jellies dissolve, some vitamins lose effectiveness, the salts are dispersed in the liquid.

Boiling or cold water?

To contain the exchange of juices and keep pasta, rice, vegetables and meat more intact and rich in substance, boil them by immersing them in boiling water. Instead, to boil potatoes and other roots, legumes and molluscs, we start from cold water: so the foods will give away their substances and absorb those of the liquid in a progressive and effective way. Short times to reduce the dispersion of salts and vitamins to a minimum cook the vegetables for as short as possible.

Boil the white vegetables

A cooking water slightly acidto keep the vegetables firm. However, as it alters the color of green ones, it is advisable to use it only for white ones. To acidulate the water you can use the lemon: for 1 liter of water, 2 washers or wedges (do not change the taste) or 1 tablespoon of juice. Lemon is fine for cauliflower (mitigates the smell), white celery, celeriac and fennel. A slight acidity also helps to liven up the white color. Dive the vegetables in boiling water and, once cooked, drain and distribute them well spread on a tray: they cool down more quickly maintaining the right consistency. Whole potatoes with peel should be boiled from cold, non-acidic water. Some vegetables darken easily during and after cooking: to eliminate this risk and preserve a more attractive color, just add it to the water 3-4 tablespoons of milk for 1 liter. Enriching the water with extra virgin olive oil "protection" against oxidation is even more effective.

Boil the green vegetables

Because they maintain a beautiful bright green color, the ideal would be to cook them green vegetables in alkaline water (it is obtained by adding bicarbonate). But so the tissues become flabby and break easily, because the substances that give consistency to the vegetables (hemicellulose and pectin) dissolve. To solve this inconvenience, green vegetables are boiled in very abundant water is you do not put the lid on in the first few minutes of boiling: in this way the acid substances released by the vegetables, responsible for the alteration of the color, are dispersed in the water and in the air.

Boil and stew green leafy vegetables

Spinach, herbs, lettuces for their lightness they are among the most delicate vegetables to boil: they immediately pass by cooking and tend to tear. More resistant cabbages and leaves of the coasts, which must be separated by large petioles (to be boiled like other white vegetables, in water acidulated with lemon). Even more than the other green vegetables, the leaves must be boiled in a lot of waterthis facilitates the dispersion of substances that weaken their consistency. Alternatively, the leaves are cold in the pot with the little dripping water, enough to make them stew: they lose brilliance, but they acquire taste and richness.

Blanch

Sear the vegetables for a very short time in boiling water serves to prepare them better for further cooking or storage (1-2 'for peeled potatoes, broccoli and cauliflower broth, 1' for courgettes and mushrooms), to soften or soften them (30 "for leafy vegetables), to peel them (30 "-1" for tomatoes or peaches, 1-2 'for pistachios, almonds, hazelnuts).

Boil the pasta

The pasta releases into the water starch which, if too concentrated, causes it to break and prevents a good cooking. The water must therefore be very abundant: 6-700 g per 100 g of pasta is the minimum dose (ideal 1 liter of water per 100 g of pasta). The larger the pasta size, the more water it serves. Salt slows its boiling: add salt to the boil.

Boil the legumes

After the necessary soaking, the dried vegetables are put in the pot covered with a double volume of water and are made simmer until they become tender, salting them only towards the end. In a pressure cooker, calculate more or less 700 g of water per 100 g of beans. Boil them for 40 'from the whistle of the valve.

Boil the fish

Prepare a court-bouillon: collect celery, carrot, onion and leeks in rounds, bay leaf and parsley in half, filled with water. Add a dash of white wine (for sea fish), vinegar (for large sea fish), milk (for eels and carp). Simmer for 20-30 minutes. Then arrange the whole fish, gutted and scaled, on the grid of the fish and drop it in the court-bouillon. Boil it for about twenty minutes or more according to size; adjust the fire so that the water never takes a boil, but settles on a very delicate quiver, swithout exceeding 80 ° C: so the flesh of the fish will remain succulent and intact without breaking down. Keep the partially covered fish-pot during cooking. Finally remove the fish carefully from the fish tank by lifting the grill. Particularly large fish must be immersed in the still cold court-bouillon.

Boil the molluscs

Collect the cleaned molluscs in a small saucepan and cover with cold water. Bring them on the fire, cover them and, from the rising of the boil, boil them on the medium-low flame (3-4 'for the squids, 15' for the cuttlefish, 18-20 'for the octopus). By gradually heating up their tenacious fibers become more tender.

Boil the meat

In a large pot filled with water for 2/3 add an onion, a carrot, a stem of celery to touch, 2 bay leaves, peppercorns, cloves, 200 g of white wine, a little salt. For the stock, add the meat cold and bring to the heat: gradually the meat will give the stock a large part of its substances. cook with a shudder to prevent the broth from becoming cloudy. For boiled meat, boil the water with the aromas for 30 minutes at least, then add the meat: this limits the loss of its juices. Boil half-covered with quivering water (90 ° c) so as not to make the meat stringy.

Stew the rice

For the same reasons as pasta, rice also usually cooks in boiling water. It can however be done also stew with a little water: add 3 parts of cold water, a part of rice, a pinch of salt and turn on the heat in a saucepan. When you are boiling, cover the flame to the minimum and cook the rice for half the time indicated for boiling. Then let it rest for as long without removing the lid. since in this way the rice absorbs all the cooking water, there will be no dispersion of nutrients.

Drown: fish, meat, eggs

It is one of the most delicate cooking, in which it is used very little liquid at a temperature of 80-85 ° C, which must never reach boiling point. For this reason it is suitable for fish fillets, white meats, eggs and quenelle, which will remain intact and particularly succulent. Place the fish and herbs to taste in a buttered oven dish. Pour cold water and a little white wine in order to cover the bottom well. Protect with wet baking paper and squeezed and bake at 120 ° c for 6-12 ', depending on the thickness of the fillets.

Texts by Walter Pedrazzi and Maria Vittoria from the Cia