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How to choose, clean and cook shrimp – Italian Cuisine



Also called imperial prawns, le shrimp they are part of the large family of these crustaceans. Appetizing and delicate, they can be eaten after a quick cooking. Moreover, thanks to their low caloric intake, they are also suitable for low-calorie diets. Here are all the secrets to learn how to choose, clean and cook shrimp.

Shrimp, shrimp and shrimp: differences

The vulgar name crayfish identifies various species of aquatic crustaceans belonging mainly to the order of the Decapoda. This term indicates both marine and freshwater species. The body of the shrimp is elongated and has 3 parts: the head, the Chest and theabdomen. The head is equipped with an antenna, two jaws and a jaw. They have a mainly nocturnal life and hunt with the help of the frontal claws. They identify the prey thanks to the vibrations they perceive with the antennas.

Let's start by saying that le shrimp they are part of the shrimp family, but they are different from the latter. THE shrimps they are small-sized crustaceans, which reach sizes between 7 and 10 centimeters. While from 15 centimeters upwards we talk about shrimp. There is the Italian fresh water one, used in the kitchen since ancient Rome. Widespread in Veneto and Lombardy, it is very easy to find today. It grows very slowly and can not survive above 24 ° C.

What makes shrimp different? Also nicknamed imperial is Spannocchia, le shrimp first of all they have a particular gray color, crossed by darker bands with yellow-violet streaks. Furthermore, they have long, threadlike antennas. The tail is bluish due to the presence of feces, a characteristic visible above all in the fresh specimens. From cooked, the shrimp takes on a nice pink-orange color. It can even measure 20 centimeters long, but on average its dimensions stop at 12-15 centimeters. It can get to weigh too 100 grams. The shrimp live on the seabed of sand and mud near the coast, all over the Mediterranean. This crustacean is caught at night, with the trawling technique. Only in Italy every year they catch it between 500 and 800 tons a year. The areas with the highest density of fishing are Emilia Romagna and Marche.

Fresh and frozen: how to choose

To choose the best ones fresh shrimp the first rule is to rely on smell. Shrimps should not emanate herbs unpleasant. The second rule is the compactness: they must be firm to the touch and not soggy. Another factor that you must take into consideration is the color: if the head is particularly dark it does not mean that it is a fresh product; on the contrary, the risk is that they contain high quantities of sulphites, used in the treatment of these animals in the farm. Furthermore the head shrimp must have antennas and must be attached to the body. Avoid crustaceans that are missing eyes: if fresh, the shrimp's eyes are shiny and take up most of the head. Finally check that the armor be glossy, firm and without black spots. This element will help you to understand if it is a product no longer cool, but rinsed and frozen immediately after fishing.

Shrimp are also sold frozen, sometimes already deprived of the head. They are cheaper and easier to cook. Before being cooked, however, they should be defrosted at room temperature.

How to clean raw shrimp

For clean the shrimp pass some water on the abdomen to remove any residues of algae or mud. Remove the tail, where the crustacean stools reside. Counting the third ring on the back from the tail, insert a toothpick into the body to extract the black bud.

How to shell the cooked shrimp

There shelling it is quite easy, especially if you proceed with the operation after cooking. To shell the prawns without breaking them, first of all remove the head and the legs. Then gently open the rings that form the shell, uncover the tail and pull it out. To easily remove the black intestinal fillet helped with tweezers or the tip of a knife.

Cook the shrimp in the pan

A recipe really tasty to try, easy and quick to prepare, are the shrimp sauteed with rice. In this case you will need to use a pan, two tablespoons of extra-virgin olive oil to heat over a low heat for two minutes. Season with a clove of garlic and take it off before adding the shrimp, which will cook for about ten minutes, so as to let produce the sumptuous sauce. To complete the whole, a sprig of chopped parsley, chili and a pinch of salt.

With the shrimp you can also prepare some skewers to be cooked in a pan.

Cook the prawns in the oven

Cook the prawns in the oven it is an alternative way that will limit the dispersion of odors in the home. The result is tasty, especially you will choose to prepare the shrimp au gratin.

After cleaning a dozen shrimp, detaching the tail, the legs, the shell and the black filament, cut the back with a small knife. Place the crustaceans clean and flavor them with a citronnette sauce, prepared with a sprig of chopped parsley, chives, lemon juice and salt. At this point, cover the shrimp with a sheet of parchment paper to keep the humidity inside and keep them tender. It will take 10 minutes in the oven to 200 ° C. Then pull them out and sprinkle with bread crumbs: bake again for a minute with the grill to create the gratin.

Cooking in the oven is also perfect for making it shrimp strudel, endive and radicchio.

Grill the shrimp

Grill the shrimp It is the simplest and tastiest way to enrich the incredible taste of this crustacean with a touch of smoke. Prepared in this way, the shrimp become a perfect dish to serve as well as starter that how second.

After having cleaned and dried them with absorbent paper, place them on the hot grill and let them cook for a few minutes. Salale and condiscile with an emulsion prepared with extra virgin olive oil, black pepper, lemon juice and chopped parsley.

Recipes with raw shrimp

Between recipes to be made with fresh or frozen raw shrimp, you can try one tartare of tails of prawns with Tropea onion. It is a simple recipe in which you will prepare a mixture of prawn tails, Tropea onion, extra virgin olive oil, salt, pepper and parsley. Stirring everything, put the mixture in a brothel. To add a crunchy note to the dish, add some cous cous or crumbled taralli heated in a pan.

Recipes with prawns for pasta

The shrimp, like all the shellfish, lend themselves superbly to prepare sumptuous sea food in which to season the excellent pasta (fresh and dried). For example you can prepare some spaghetti alla carbonara with prawns and rocket or of the clouds with shrimp pesto and citrus fruits, of the bigoli with bean sauce and prawns.

You can also combine these crustaceans with some fresh stuffed pasta and make them tasty ravioli with prawns in leek and citrus sauce.

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Dos & Don'ts: how to open and clean an avocado – Italian Cuisine


The School of Italian Cuisine reveals the trick to open and clean an avocado in the blink of an eye

Everyone keeps their secrets and their recipes in the kitchen, but there are some absolutely essential techniques. With i Dos & Don'ts let's examine some of the most common mistakes in the kitchen and we reveal how to solve them, thanks to the help of The School of Italian Cuisine.

How to open and clean an avocado the right way

This exotic fruit has now made its way through our eating habits thanks to recipes like salsa guacamole, the famous toast with avocado, but also with different types of salads is drinks. With its good fats that are good for the heart, the avocado is also rich in beneficial properties.

As you can see in the video, open and to peel correctly the avocado is easy if done with criterion: just engrave it, rotate the two halves obtained as to unscrew it, pierce the core with a knife, extract it and dig the pulp with a spoon.

Now that you know how to open and clean an avocado in the right way, you can read here all its features and many curiosities: you are ready to use it in your dishes!

how to clean them in a few steps – Italian Cuisine


THE artichokes they are one of the most tasty and versatile winter vegetables: they can be fried, stewed or stuffed. Each region has a long list of recipes of which they are the protagonists. They can be served as a side dish or, together with pasta or other vegetables, as a single dish.

Artichokes to clean
Artichokes to clean

Rich in mineral salts such as sodium, potassium and calcium, they also contain a good dose of vitamin C, B and K, useful in the prevention of osteoporosis. They have diuretic properties and the caffeic acid derivatives they contain, guarantee antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects.

In the tutorial all the information to clean them. Then, blanched in boiling acidulated water, cooled and dried, they can be frozen. To taste them at any time of the year.