Tag: children

Masks for children: here are which ones to choose and when to use them – Italian Cuisine


At what age do you put them? What to do if they refuse to keep them or are afraid? Here are the recommendations and tips of pediatricians

Masks are a useful tool to protect yourself from the Covid-19 coronavirus infection. The latest Prime Ministerial Decree of April 26 provides for the mandatory use of masks for everyone, including for children aged 6 and up. But is it still good for those who are younger to wear them or not? These questions were answered by the Italian Society of Preventive and Social Pediatrics (SIPPS) which embraced some recommendations on the use of masks in pediatric age drawn up by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). "Children under two years of age must not wear masks not only because of the objective difficulty, but also because of the risk of suffocation, which should not be underestimated", explains pediatrician Margherita Caroli, expert in nutrition from SIPPS. To protect children at this age, the expert suggests, "caps or headbands with a long transparent visor could be used, which also shields the eyes, nose and mouth, the ways of entry of the virus. Even children with neurological or respiratory diseases and those who have difficulty removing it on their own should avoid it. Finally, children who touch their face much more frequently should not wear the mask because the protection induced by the mask would be invalidated by the most frequent hand-face contact. These children must therefore adopt a distance of more than one meter in any situation ", explains the expert.

When the template is needed

"Children from 2 years of age should wear a mask in any situation in which they are less than a meter away from other people not belonging to their family," says Michele Fiore, SIPPS family pediatrician. "If the child walks or rides a bicycle or plays outdoors alone or with an adult living together and there is no risk of meeting other people at close range, it is not necessary to wear it. The mask instead becomes necessary if you go to the supermarket or use public transport and in any place where you have to wait together with others and in all closed places where distances cannot be maintained and, therefore, clearly, also in the school environment Says the expert.

Photo Riccardo Angiolani.
Photo Riccardo Angiolani.

How masks should be suitable for children

Adult masks are not suitable for children. «They do not ensure good adhesion. Children from 2 years onwards can use the masks defined as "community", that is cloth and therefore washable and reusable, also provided by the DPCM, or even, when possible, TNT, the same material with which the masks are made surgery , says the pediatrician Michele Fiore. «Masks suitable for children should have a length of about 12 cm and a width of 5 cm to be able to adapt to their face and adequately cover the nose and mouth. After 6 years and up to 12 years, larger masks (15cm by 7.5cm) could be used both from the community and from TNT or surgical type . For children suffering from chronic diseases who need greater protection, experts recommend using FFP2 masks and following the instructions of your reference center.

How they should be worn

"In order for the masks to be truly effective they must be very close to the face," explains Francesco Pastore, a pediatrician of the SIPPS family. "They must therefore follow the line of the nose by adjusting the small metal bar to their face and with the ends that must adhere to the face, pulling the lateral elastic bands placed behind the ears consistently". But if the child refuses to keep it or is afraid to wear it, what to do? In the gallery, the advice and advice of pediatricians who can help in these cases.

DIY games from the past to keep children entertained at home – Italian Cuisine


Our advice on DIY games of the past that you can do at home to entertain or spend time with your children during the Quarantine: from the 70s top to a more complex but exciting treasure hunt

In this period of sanitary emergency and lockdown, one of the most common problems in Italian families concerns the closure of schools and the difficulty of having to manage children at home. With the intensification of routine household activities and the work obligations of parents, that of keeping children busy, alternating learning moments with others of leisure, has become a real challenge. If the toys available, the readings, the audiobooks, the drawing and maybe some healthy activities to be carried out on the balcony in the open air are not enough, you can resort to some DIY games of the past. Here are some ideas from different past eras. These are simple but cheerful ideas which, in addition to entertaining the children, allow them to transmit their values ​​and habits of the past as well as the educational concept that you can have fun even with few means and a little imagination.

The figures with the rope

Let's start with a game popular in the 70s, a period in which a few colored balls, a bit of rope, an elastic band and a few other economic and household means were enough to spend time. Precisely in this era some historical pastimes were born, including hide and seek, tug of war, bell, a two three star, flag-stealer. A game called was very common among indoor games figures with rope, Or a very easy game for two, which today's grandparents certainly remember. To recreate it, you only need fifty centimeters of fine twine, even the kitchen one can be fine. The two challengers can place themselves in front of each other and, in turn, must weave the string between their fingers trying to create figures of any kind, for example a fish, a candy. The same game, done with the ecstatic and then widespread in many parts of the world, it is called Cat's Cradle or cradle of the cat.
For both, today's children can play with their siblings or parents, and if they live at home with their grandparents, let them tell you about it.

The top

Another legacy of the 70s is a game that we all know, or the spinning top. This toy can be easily made at home using recycled materials. In fact, a wooden skewer or pencil, sheets of paper or colored cardstock (also the one for pasta packs), scissors and glue or adhesive tape are enough to create a beautiful and functional top. The children, with the help of a coaster or a compass, can make a circle of paper quite often, color it to taste and then insert the skewer exactly in the center. To fix the top of the top, simply attach a plastic ball or a 1 cent coin to the tip of the stick. A fun idea can be to create comic or cartoon characters, colored patterns or educational on the card Newton's disc.

Origami

Many of the toys of the past had not only the advantage, as we have seen, of being created at home with poor materials, but also that of developing the manual skills and ingenuity of children. They are a perfect example of this paper origami, a fun pastime that requires only a few sheets of paper, perhaps colored, and some time. Among the great classics are theairplane and the small boat, but also more interactive and complex games such asorigami hell and paradise also called fortune teller or magic square. To build it, just take a sheet of A4 paper, fold it along the diagonals, take the corners and fold them internally until you have a square, then turn and repeat the same operation. Once folded, first in one direction and then in another, you're done! At this point you can decorate the sides of the origami with numbers and write something in the corresponding paper wedge. Parents can insert general answers, but also mathematical or general knowledge riddles and, of course, play together with their children. Fun for the whole family is guaranteed!

Camping inside the house

In this period, being forced within the walls of the home can have many repercussions on mood, including that of children. To give them a smile, a little bit of pri: the "camping inside the house". In the past, in fact, a little fabric, recycled materials and a little imagination were enough to build a camping tent, a small house or a fort in the living room or bedroom. An example of a do it yourself solution, in this sense, that is simple to implement is that of Indian hut. To build it, in fact, you can use three-five wooden sticks or broom handles to give life to the base of the tent, a rope to fix them and finally an old sheet or a blanket to cover the whole. To make the structure stable, you can also use clothespins, adhesive tape or nails, while to decorate the interior you can add rugs, cushions and Christmas lights. As an alternative to the Indian hut, and depending on what material you have at home, you can build one real cottage; in this case you can resort to a box, lifting and gluing the upper part so as to create the roof or, more simply, you can cover a table with an old sheet, in which to carve doors and windows. Finally, you can add decorative elements made with pannolenci, fabric or cardboard, and, of course, let children make a creative contribution to the project.

The treasure hunt

For creative parents, however, it may be interesting to brush up on a game from the past that can be a little more laborious at an organizational level, but that can be even more compelling. For those who did not remember the rules, the players were divided into two teams that, thanks to a series of scattered clues to guess containing instructions for discovering the next stage, had to get to find a mysterious object that consisted of the final prize. There home version and "lockdown" of the treasure hunt it can be thought of as a race between siblings or an adventurous challenge for just one child. For clues you may want to consider including some skill or memory test as well as some question or riddle concerning specific knowledge or subjects. The prize may perhaps consist of a sweet treat, a homemade toy or any other object that could represent a moment of joy and a small conquest. Of course, you can also choose to organize one treasure hunt that follows a themefor example that of pirates for boys and that of fairies or princesses for girls.

Whatever the chosen activity, the ideal is always to involve children in all stages of implementation, allowing them to make a significant artisan and creative contribution to the project and to feel useful and important. In the same way, parents and relatives can accompany the moment of the game to that of the sharing stories about one's childhood, so as to intrigue children and grandchildren and pass on what were their DIY pastimes.

Photos: games of the past_origami_peakpx.jpg
Photos: games of the past_origami carta_pxfuel.jpg

Reading fairy tales helps children fight fear – Italian Cuisine

Reading fairy tales helps children fight fear


Reading fairy tales relaxes them and helps them grow better. Find out what benefits it has and how to make it more engaging

Reading fairy tales and fairy tales aloud is a very useful activity for entertaining children at home. In addition, it has countless benefits. In fact, it promotes their growth and their emotional well-being. "Listening to stories is a nourishment for the child's psyche", comments the psychotherapist psychologist Rachele Bindi, expert in book therapy. «Through stories and characters, emotions and imagination, the child has a way of accessing the sense and understanding of the world. Listening to the stories also allows him to acquire better language skills and a greater propensity for creativity over time, "says the expert. But the advantages are also others. «Reading strengthens the relationship between adult and child. In fact, both can benefit from this activity. While reading, the adult manages to disconnect from daily worries and relax. Instead, the child feels deeply cared for and pampered, "says the expert, who explains to us here what benefits reading aloud fairy tales has and how to make it more engaging for children.

Promotes relaxation

Children, especially in difficult moments, need the stories told by adults to better experience feelings, emotions, situations and experiences. "Listening to a fairy tale or a fairy tale for the child becomes a small ritual. The fairy tale, in particular with its fantastic atmosphere and its imaginative language, creates a sense of shared magic, which gives the child an immediate sense of relaxation. While imagining what is being read, the child transforms the word into a mental image. This small exercise allows him to develop better problem-solving skills over time .

Helps manage emotions

"While listening to the fairy tale or fairy tale, the child identifies with the characters. In this way he manages to give voice to the deepest emotions such as fear and to tell them. Through stories you learn to recognize them, to give them a name and, consequently, to manage them better in daily life, "says psychologist Rachele Bindi. «On a purely auditory level, the tone of the reader's voice helps him to contain his anxieties and to feel more secure. A good way to understand if it is the story is the right one is to look at the reaction it has while reading. If it is involved too much or, on the contrary, it is not involved at all, it is not the right story for the moment it is experiencing, "says the expert.

The tricks to follow to make listening to fairy tales and fairy tales more engaging for children

Read slowly

Reading fairy tales must follow the child's understanding rhythm. Read slowly, trying to understand if the child is following well or not.

Vary the tone of your voice

A monotonous reading easily gets bored. Try with your voice to interpret the emotions and voices of the different characters.

Explain the meaning of the new words to him

As you read the story, look at the child to see if he has understood all the words.

Recreate the settings of the stories

To involve him more in reading, create the settings of the story using the soft toys or dolls as characters.

Favor listening to emotions

Try to stimulate the child while reading. Ask him what he loves about the story and how he feels while listening to the story.

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